"Madame" C.J. Walker
- Born Sarah Breedlove, 1869, in Delta, Louisiana.
- Married C. J. Walker at the age of 15; became a widow at the age of 20.
- After experimenting with many mixture of oils, she achieved a desired ointment
for softening hair, but not to relax hair.
- In 1905 she developed a hot iron, shaped as a comb, to remove tight curls.
- Madame Walker opened a school of cosmetology to train her operaters.
- Employed agents to sell her products and built a factory to produce her products.
- She had over 2,000 agents worldwide.
- Maintained an annual payroll of over $200,000.
- Advertised in all of the Negro publications of the time.
- Built a mansion on the Hudson River at a cost of over $250,000.
- Became a humanitarian giver. As as an example, she once gave $100,000 for an
academy for girls, in West African.
- Died in 1919.
BACK TO TOP
Maggie Lena Walker
- Born in Richmond, Virginia in 1867.
- Completed High School at age 15.
- Began teaching in the public schools of Richmond while serving as an insurance
- In 1889 she left teaching to become secretary of the Independent Order of St.
- 10 years later she had become secretary-treasurer. Maggie Walker held that
position for 35 years.
- During her tenure the membership increased from 3, 408 members to over
100,000. A home office building was required and an emergency fund of over
$70,000 was kept. She also established a newspaper, the St. Luke Herald.
- In 1902 after helping to found the St. Luke (Consolidated) Bank and Trust
Company, Maggie Walker became its President, becoming the 1st
African-American female to head a bank.
- Died in 1934
Listen while you LEARN!
THAT IS ALWAYS A GOOD THING